RIVERSIDE, Calif. — Enrique Marquez, who supplied the assault rifles used to kill 14 people in a massacre in San Bernardino, Calif., this month, was arrested Thursday and charged with crimes including conspiring to support terrorists. Court papers show that he and one of the attackers had steeped themselves for years in radical and violent Islamist propaganda, including the teachings of the extremist cleric Anwar al-Awlaki and bomb-making techniques from an Al Qaeda magazine.
Mr. Marquez, 24, has told investigators that he and an attacker, his longtime friend and neighbor, Syed Rizwan Farook, had been discussing radical Islam since 2007. They made plans in 2011 and 2012 to launch deadly attacks on the college they had attended and on a busy California freeway.
Mr. Marquez bought not only the guns used in the San Bernardino shooting but also the smokeless powder that Mr. Farook used to build pipe bombs, according to documents filed in Federal District Court here on Thursday.
In addition to the terrorism charge, he faces a count of lying on gun purchase forms to conceal that he was really buying them for Mr. Farook, and one of defrauding the immigration system by entering into a sham marriage with a Russian immigrant.
The court papers filed on Thursday offered the first picture of how Mr. Farook, an American-born Muslim whose parents are from Pakistan, became radicalized — long before the rise of the Islamic State — and who his influences were.
The documents offer previously unreported details about his actions and attitudes, including his disdain for American Muslims who went into the military and killed other Muslims, along with the specifics of the attacks he and Mr. Marquez had plotted and the weaponry they amassed. They paint a vivid picture of Mr. Farook’s efforts to radicalize Mr. Marquez, urging him to listen to speeches by a Qaeda leader and read a magazine published by a Qaeda affiliate that provided bomb-building instructions.
In 2012, Mr. Marquez got cold feet, spooked by the arrests of some local men for plotting jihad. Two years later, Mr. Farook met his wife, Tashfeen Malik, a Pakistani whom he brought to the United States and with whom he carried out the attack.
On Dec. 2, Mr. Farook and Ms. Malik stormed a meeting of Mr. Farook’s co-workers at the San Bernardino County health department, killing 14 people and injuring 22 others. They died later that day in a gun battle with the police, who homed in on the rented sport utility vehicle they were driving after they failed to yield.
Document | Enrique Marquez Criminal Complaint In a federal complaint released Thursday, officials charged Enrique Marquez with conspiring to give material support to a terrorist plot.
The couple appears to have had no direct contact with any terrorist groups, once again raising the specter of domestic extremists who, inspired by those groups, become radicalized on their own without attracting the attention of law enforcement.
The criminal complaint says that when the shootings took place, Mr. Marquez was at work as a security guard at a Walmart. He also sometimes worked at a bar, doing odd jobs.
Mr. Marquez appeared in court Thursday afternoon wearing a beige T-shirt, black pants, handcuffs, shackles and a chain around his waist. A judge read him the charges, and he was told to return on Monday for a bail hearing. An arraignment was scheduled for Jan. 6, when he is expected to enter a plea.
The information in the complaint came largely from Mr. Marquez. Law enforcement officials say that Mr. Marquez spent 11 days telling them what he knew, each day signing a waiver of his right to remain silent and his right to have a lawyer there. Investigators said that a clearly distraught Mr. Marquez almost immediately confessed his connection to the crimes to a 911 operator and to his mother, and spent a few days in a hospital psychiatric ward before talking with the F.B.I.
The authorities said that weeks before the massacre, Mr. Marquez wrote on Facebook that “my life turned ridiculous.” When a friend responded, “I think everyone leads multiple lives,” Mr. Marquez replied, “Involved in terrorist plots, drugs, antisocial behavior, marriage, might go to prison for fraud, etc.”
Early on the day after the shooting, he called 911 and said, “My neighbor. He did the San Bernardino shooting.” Later during that call, he said that Mr. Farook “used my gun in the shooting,” and “they can trace all the guns back to me.”
Later that day, Dec. 3, he entered the emergency room of Harbor-U.C.L.A. Medical Center in Torrance, some 60 miles west of his home, apparently drunk and upset, telling doctors that he had just drank nine beers. He was placed in the psychiatric ward and held involuntarily. The next day, his mother visited, and the F.B.I. said she later told investigators that Mr. Marquez had admitted to buying the guns for Mr. Farook.
In about 2004, when Mr. Marquez was about 13, his family moved to Riverside, where he fell under the sway of Mr. Farook, a neighbor who was a few years older, and exposed him to Islam; around 2007, “Farook introduced Marquez to radical Islamic ideology,” an F.B.I. agent, Joel T. Anderson, wrote in an affidavit filed with the charges. Mr. Marquez also converted to Islam that year.
In 2010 and 2011, at his friend’s urging, Mr. Marquez read jihadist materials and spent hours listening to the recorded lectures of Mr. Awlaki, the American-born preacher. Mr. Awlaki was accused of involvement in several terrorist plots, was described as a primary recruiter for Al Qaeda, and was killed by an American drone strike in Yemen in 2011.
Discussing a period of time in 2011, Agent Anderson wrote, “Marquez spent most of his time at Farook’s residence, where he read, listened to lectures and watched videos involving radical Islamic content,” including videos from the Shabab, the Al Qaeda affiliate in Somalia. They looked at Inspire, the official magazine of Al Qaeda’s affiliate in Yemen — Mr. Farook even spoke of going to that country to join the group — and read the works of clerics like Abdullah Azzam, a founder of Al Qaeda, who was killed in 1989.
The court documents state that Mr. Marquez had no direct role in the slaughter at a holiday lunch for Mr. Farook’s co-workers at the health department, but that he admitted to buying, in 2011 and 2012, the two assault rifles Mr. Farook and Ms. Malik used in the attack.
He acknowledged that they were illegal “straw purchases,” because the guns were meant for Mr. Farook, but said that they thought he would attract less suspicion “because his appearance was Caucasian, while Farook looked Middle Eastern,” the affidavit said. The couple also had semiautomatic pistols, which officials have said Mr. Farook bought legally.
The documents say Mr. Marquez married a Russian woman — the sister of the woman married to Mr. Farook’s brother — because she agreed to pay him $200 a month so she could gain legal immigration status.
“Mr. Marquez conspired with Mr. Farook to commit vicious attacks, as set forth in today’s charges,” a United States attorney, Eileen M. Decker, said in a statement. “Even though these plans were not carried out, Mr. Marquez’s criminal conduct deeply affected San Bernardino County, Southern California and the entire United States when the guns purchased by Marquez were used to kill 14 innocent people and wound many others.”
Mr. Marquez told investigators that he and Mr. Farook learned from Inspire magazine how to build bombs, and that Mr. Marquez figured out how to make a detonation device using Christmas lights. Mr. Marquez also acknowledged that around 2012, he bought the smokeless powder that Mr. Farook used in building pipe bombs.
Mr. Farook and Ms. Malik left one bomb at the scene of the massacre, but it failed to detonate. After they died investigators found in their home a dozen more bombs, material for making still more, and thousands of rounds of ammunition.
In 2011 and 2012, Mr. Farook and Mr. Marquez planned an attack on the library or cafeteria of Riverside Community College, where they had been students, and a rush-hour attack on State Route 91, a busy freeway — choosing those targets “because they wanted to maximize casualties,” the agent wrote. They discussed throwing pipe bombs at their victims from high vantage points, and then shooting people.
In the freeway assault, they believed the bombs would disable cars and halt traffic, and then “Farook planned to move among the stopped vehicles, shooting his rifle into them, and killing people,” Agent Anderson wrote. Mr. Marquez was to shoot motorists and emergency medical workers arriving on the scene, and “according to Marquez, his priority was to shoot law enforcement personnel before shooting lifesaving personnel.”
The conspiracy charge against Mr. Marquez carries a maximum sentence of 15 years in prison, and the firearms and visa charges, 10 years each.
On the morning of the San Bernardino attack, Agent Anderson wrote, Ms. Malik searched social media for material on the Islamic State, the offshoot of Al Qaeda that has taken over large parts of Syria and Iraq, and has won the allegiance of terrorist groups in several other countries. Mr. Farook arrived at the gathering of his co-workers at Inland Regional Center about 9:05 a.m., left about 10:37, and returned at 10:58 with Ms. Malik, heavily armed and dressed in black tactical gear, and began shooting.
At 11:14, a Facebook post on a page “associated with Malik” pledged allegiance to the leader of the Islamic State, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi.
Correction: December 17, 2015
An earlier version of this article incorrectly stated the date on which Enrique Marquez went to the emergency room of Harbor-U.C.L.A. Medical Center in Torrance, Calif. He went on Dec. 3, not Dec. 2.
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